Problem Solving Templates and Mind Maps

Here are two general problem solving strategies.
They both can be remembered by simple keywords – “IDEAL” or “ABCDE”.

IDEAL
Identify the problem and explain how it can be an opportunity.
Define at least three different goals for your problem-solving task.
Explore possible strategies and new information that can help you accomplish each of the important goals listed above.
Anticipate the outcomes of different strategies to help you decide which ones you will act on.
Look back and learn.
(This strategy is taken from the book “The IDEAL Problem Solver” by John D. Bransford and Barry S. Stein.)

ABCDE
Assessment – clearly stating the problem itself.
Brainstorming – for possible solutions.
Consequences – evaluate the likely consequences of putting your ideas into practice.
Do List – break your best strategy down into a logical list of steps to do.
Evaluation – did the process work?
(This strategy is taken from the book “Succesful Problem Solving” by Matthew McKay and Patrick Fanning.)

These strategies can be used in mind maps to get effective problem solving templates. The branches are to be read clockwise.

problem-ideal.jpeg

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